The Sermon on the Mount opens with a series of formula-like sayings or proverbs of how to receive God’s blessings (Matthew 5:3-12). There are nine such sayings, also called Beatitudes from the Latin word for “blessed.” These Beatitudes are not separate, spiritual qualities people may choose but rather a unified portrait a blessed soul of God. Together, these beatitudes reveal the portrait of a Kingdom citizen who acknowledges God as their King.
Kingdom citizens may not fully receive all Kingdom blessings while on earth. Seven of the Beatitudes state that Kingdom citizens will receive their blessings in the future (“for they will be”) (see Matthew 5:4-9, 11-12) while two of the Beatitudes state that Kingdom citizens receive their blessings and gladness during their lifetime (“for the Kingdom of Heaven is theirs”) (see Mathew 5:3, 10). Thus, some of God’s blessings are ours NOW, while other blessings are forthcoming in the future. Nevertheless, Kingdom citizens also receive God’s Kingdom living within their hearts and the blessings of God’s Holy Spirit (see e.g., John 7:39; John 14:15-16; Acts 2:38; Acts 11:16-17; Acts 19:2).
Even more, Kingdom citizens are “the salt of the earth” and “the light of the world” (Matthew 5:13-14). Kingdom citizens stop the moral decay and corruption of the earth and shine Jesus’ light of goodness into a dark world (Matthew 5:13-16; see also 1 Corinthians 13:4–7). Because Kingdom citizens seek to stop corruption and darkness, they are often persecuted, rebuked, and hated by the world (Matthew 5:10-12; see also John 15:19). Yet, it is such good, righteous, and pure character that Jesus calls blessed because Kingdom citizens bring glory to God in heaven (Matthew 5:11-12, 16; see also 1 Corinthians 10:31; Ephesians 2:10; Philippians 1:9-11; 1 Peter 2:11-12).
Thus, Jesus encouraged Kingdom citizens not to become discourage by the world’s hatred nor compromise their righteousness. Instead, Kingdom citizens must shine their light in such a way that others may see their good works and deeds and give GLORY TO GOD (Matthew 5:13-16; see also Ephesians 5:8; Philippians 2:15; 1 Peter 2:12).